Spell checking in Vim

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I recently came across an embarrassing typo on my own website. Buried deep in a paragraph of HTML inside a Rails HAML template, there was a glaring spelling mistake. I quickly raced back to Vim and opened the template and spell checked the whole file. How? With :set spell.

Many novice Vim users are unaware that spell checking is built in and as easy as enabling with :set spell. As a veteran Vim user, I was aware of spell checking and how to turn it on, but I frequently forget the full complement of commands. So for anyone that needs reminding, here are the basics for getting the most out of Vim’s spell checker:

  • :set spell – Turn on spell checking
  • :set nospell – Turn off spell checking
  • ]s – Jump to the next misspelled word
  • [s – Jump to the previous misspelled word
  • z= – Bring up the suggested replacements
  • zg – Add the word under the cursor to the dictionary
  • zw – Oops! Undo and remove the word from the dictionary

In the screencast below, I’ve demonstrated a few of these. With the file open, :set spell has already been enabled. I find the first misspelled word with ]s. It’s actually correctly spelled, it’s the name of my status page monitoring service, StatusGator. So I add the word to the dictionary with zg. Then I find the next misspelling with ]s and press z= to pull up the suggestion list. Finally, I press 2 to choose the replacement.

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Written by

Colin Bartlett

49 Posts

Vim enthusiast and software developer for more than 20 years.
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