Get the current file path

4.3
(50)

There are many uses for the current file path and many ways to get it:

  • When typing a command, press %<tab> to complete the current file path.
  • While in insert mode, press <ctrl-r>% to insert the current file path.

But an even more useful capability is yanking, or copying, the current file path into a register or your system clipboard. From there, you can paste it into another buffer or externally into another program. Here’s how to create a simple mapping in your .vimrc to copy the the current file path:

map <leader>l :let @*=expand("%")<CR>

This takes the current relative path to the present buffer and copies it to the * register, which is the system clipboard on most systems. (If you’re on Linux, try swapping the * to a + if you have problems. Read more about the clipboard register.) You can paste this anywhere on your system now or use "*p to paste it in Vim from the star register.

We can expand that a bit, too. It can also be useful to copy the relative path with the current line number appended to the end. Let’s improve our mapping:

map <leader>l :let @*=fnamemodify(expand("%"), ":~:.") . ":" . line(".")<CR>

If it’s more useful to you, there are some variations you can use in place of % in these mappings:

  • Relative path to file: %
  • Absolute path to file: %:p
  • Filename only: %:t
  • Directory name only: %:p:h

I find the relative path with line number the most useful of these. I can paste it to a terminal to run tests, to a Slack message to discuss code, or into my notes file in another Vim buffer. From there, I can press gF to go to that file and line number.

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Written by

Colin Bartlett

105 Posts

Vim enthusiast and software developer for more than 20 years.
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